Đi lại

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This page is a translated version of the page Travel and the translation is 27% complete.

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Nếu bạn là một người nhận Học bổng WMF hoặc bạn thuộc về nhóm Hội đồng Quản trị, nhân viên, FDC, AffCom hay Ủy ban Tư vấn Wikimedia Foundation, vui lòng KHÔNG đặt vé đi lại hoặc tìm nơi ăn nghỉ mà không liên lạc trước với WMF. Bạn sẽ cần một "mã khuyến mãi" để có thể cung cấp thông tin cho nhân viên phục vụ đi lại của WMF về nhà nghỉ và nhu cầu đi lại của bạn.

Visa

Quỹ Wikimedia không bố trí visa cho các bạn nên hãy lưu ý là bạn phải tự đi xin visa nếu cần thiết. Quỹ Wikimedia có thể hỗ trợ bạn trong quá trình này bằng cách gửi thư mời của chúng tôi tới cơ quan cấp visa. Để biết thêm thông tin về việc nhận thư cũng như visa nói chung, xin xem Visas.

Tới Luân Đôn

Xem Di chuyển tới khách sạn để biết thêm chi tiết về cách di chuyển từ năm sân bay của Luân Đôn tới Khách sạn Thistle City Barbican.

Đi lại trong Luân Đôn

Tàu điện ngầm đang đỗ tại ga
Một chiếc xe buýt Routemaster

Luân Đôn là một thành phố lớn và đôi khi có thể phải mất hàng tiếng mới di chuyển được từ nơi này sang nơi khác; tuy nhiên, có rất nhiều địa điểm tham quan hấp dẫn mà bạn chỉ cần đi bộ từ Trung Tâm Barbican là tới (ví dụ như Bảo tàng Luân Đôn), và ngoài ra cũng có nhiều lựa chọn phương tiện công cộng khác cho bạn.

Các đơn giản và rẻ nhất để sử dụng phương tiện công cộng ở Luân Đôn là với chiếc thẻ Oyster, một chiếc thẻ không tiếp xúc được chấp nận tại các ga tàu điện ngầm, xe buýt và tàu hoả địa phương. Chi phí luôn luôn rẻ hơn nhiều nếu bạn thanh toán bằng thẻ Oyster so với tiền mặt, và một khi bạn đã có chiếc thẻ này bạn cũng không cần phải xếp hàng lâu để mua vé nữa. Bạn có thể mua thẻ này với mức phí đặt cọc £5 có hoàn trả ở hầu như tất cả mọi điểm đến. Việc đơn giản nhất bạn cần làm là "đi đến đâu trả tiền đến đấy", nạp thẻ Oyster bằng tiền mặt hoặc thẻ tín dụng khi cần (bạn có thể nạp tiền tại các ga tàu điện ngầm và các cửa hàng tạp hoá). Bạn cũng có thể nạp thẻ Oyster bằng vé tuần, vé này cho phép bạn đi tàu điện ngầm và xe buýt thoải mái, đây là lựa chọn tốt nếu bạn có ý định ở lại cả tuần.

Another almost indispensable resource is the Transport for London Journeyplanner, which will give you directions between any two points in Greater London by public transport. The independent website and app CityMapper serves the same function, with the added options of walking, cycling, or taking a taxi.

Tube and rail fares are priced based on six concentric "zones", depending on how far out from the centre of London a station is. The venue, together with most hotels and most of the major tourist attractions, is in Zone 1. This zone is the cheapest to travel within. If you are staying further away, you may need to check the Zone of your accommodation. Inner London is roughly zones 2 and 3, and outer London zones 4 to 6.

Note that Heathrow Airport is in Zone 6. If you are staying in inner London it may be cheaper to buy a travelcard covering only the zones you need for your accommodation, and single tickets to and from the airport. Travelcards are not valid on Heathrow Express trains, or on Heathrow Connect trains to Hays & Harlington. London City Airport is in Zone 3, but the other airports are not within the London Transport system at all and aren't covered by Oyster cards.

Transport for London's Single Fare Finder gives the cost of all point-to-point tube, DLR, Overground and Rail journeys in London.

The Tube

London Underground map - see also a much better design map

London Underground: The famous London Underground (known locally as the Tube) is the oldest metro system in the world. It covers all of Central London and much of Greater London. The nearest Tube station to the venue is Barbican. Moorgate tube is also very close, while Old Street and St Paul's are within easy walking distance.

Tips

You can change trains free of charge at Tube stations, so transport between different lines is possible (and indeed often necessary). Directions are generally well signposted while in the stations, and Tube maps are plentiful.

When going up and down the escalators at a Tube station, don't forget to stand on the right-hand side of the escalator and leave the left-hand side of the escalator free for people to walk up and down. Londoners in a hurry have little patience for tourists who neglect this custom.

London's Tube trains can vary in size, meaning at certain times of day (such as the rush hours in the morning and afternoon) it may be very crowded and difficult to board the train. Always remember that trains are frequent and missing one is sometimes the best option.

It can get very hot and stuffy in the stations and on some older trains. It is advised to carry bottles of water while travelling to prevent dehydration. If you do feel ill while on the Tube, first get off the train at the next available stop, then seek the help of a member of staff at the station.

The Circle, District, Metropolitan, Hammersmith and City, and Victoria lines were recently upgraded with new, air-conditioned trains which are recommended if possible and for long journeys, though none of these lines go to Old Street or Barbican (though they do go to Moorgate, which is very close to the venue).

It is advisable to travel light on the Tube to save space for other passengers, but travelling with bags is not uncommon; use common sense and stay out of the way of other passengers.

Trains

London is the hub for a very substantial railway system that covers many of the places in outer London that are not covered by the Tube, and connects London to the rest of the UK and continental Europe. If you're considering visiting other parts of the United Kingdom, you can do so from many of London's railway stations, though the largest and best-connected are King's Cross, Euston and St. Pancras. St. Pancras is also the usual international railway station with services to mainland Europe.

Buses

London Buses: There are hundreds of bus routes in London. It is often quicker to take a bus than to make a journey by changing several Tubes. The bus is also cheaper, and gives you a much better view of London!

Beware: London buses do not take cash! You will need an Oyster Card, which also covers cheaper underground travel.

Buses can be a little intimidating for visitors because it can be more difficult to tell which service to take and when to get off. Fortunately, most bus stops have a map which shows where you can get each bus route in the area and where they go. The bus also announces the name of the next stop to you.

After about 1am, when the Tube stops, night buses are the only public transport available. The night bus routes are slightly different from regular daytime buses. Night buses also have a bit of a reputation for rowdiness so are only recommended for confident visitors.

Taxis and Minicabs

Taxis: London has both taxi (the recognisable "Black Cabs") and minicab services.

Taxis can be flagged down in the street and will take you anywhere in Central London—drivers are required to have a phenomenal knowledge of all the streets in Central London and how to get there.

There are also minicab services. Minicabs look like regular cars, not black cabs, though they still have licenses on display. Minicabs are only allowed to take you if you have booked them in advance. Even if you talk to a minicab driver waiting outside a club, you should still call their office to book them.

Transport for London have a helpful webpage here with details of booking taxis and cabs, as well as the Cabwise mobile app which will find you a taxi or cab wherever you can.

Cycle Hire—the Boris Bike

Barclays Cycle Hire: Known locally as Boris Bikes (after London mayor Boris Johnson) Barclays Cycle Hire bicycles can be hired for low prices all over central London.

Prices for the bike hire services can be found on TfL's website. The payment system is a bit complicated but is explained well. Essentially, within a 24-hour period you can take a bike out for up to thirty minutes at a time, as many times as you like, for £2. If you keep the bike for more than thirty minutes you will incur extra charges. These charges go up exponentially so ensure you deposit the bike at a rack as soon as you are finished with it to save unexpected surprises.

Useful Transportation Links